Social Studies

Middle Ages


"The Middle Ages, or Medieval Times, in Europe was a long period of history from 500 AD to 1500 AD. That's 1000 years! It covers the time from the fall of the Roman Empire to the rise of the Ottoman Empire. 

This was a time of castles and peasants, guilds and monasteries, cathedrals and crusades. Great leaders such as Joan of Arc and Charlemagne were part of the Middle Ages as well as major events such as the Black Plague and the rise of Islam. "

History for Kids

"The middle ages were a very interesting time it came about after the collapse of the Roman Empire. Different leaders tried their best to create their own empires, which did not last. As you read more about this period, you will discover many different things like the noble class, King John and the plague or the Black Death. It was a hard life to live is this period, and we hope you enjoy the information. Do not forget to try the quiz after each section."

Kids Konnect

"In European history, the Middle Ages, or Medieval period, lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the collapse of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery. "

Social Studies for Kids

"The Middle Ages were a time of great unrest and great achievement."

BBC - Middle Ages

"Turmoil, crisis and the creation of a state, from Magna Carta to the horrors of the Black Death."

Kids Discover

"In the Middle Ages, kids’ lives were very different than today; back then, by the age of 12, many boys would have been apprenticed to a trade already, while a girl would be learning the household arts in preparation for getting married in a year or two. "

Kids Past

"With the decline of Rome, there was no one to stop the advancement of the warring Germanic tribes. These tribes traveled in search of food, wealth and shelter, and often left devastation behind them."

Economy of Ancient Egypt

This report explains the Egyptian economy and the importance of the Nile River geographically to Egypt. 

Geography and the Nile River

Ancient Egyptian Food, Jobs and Daily Life

Trade in Ancient Egypt

Images of the Ancient Egyptian Economy


The Ukraine

Time for Kids - Trouble in Ukraine

Geography of Ukraine

Ukraine Facts


Crimean Vote

History of Ukraine

"The U.S. Presidents". Brought to you by "USA for Kids".

"The Presidents" from the official White House website.

From articles, videos, pictures and facts.

The First Thanksgiving - from National Geographic Kids.

Great information from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  Make sure you have the Wikipedia app on your tablet!

"Thanksgiving is a particularly American holiday.  The word evokes images of football, family reunions, roasted turkey and stuffing, pumpkin pie and of course, the Pilgrims and Wampanoag the acknowledged founders of the feast.  But was it always so?"

Visit this website to find out!

Thanksgiving History - from  Good stuff!

The History of Thanksgiving and it's celebrations!

The History of Thanksgiving from the National Constitution Center.

Digital Dialects Geography Games!

Costa Rica's "Independence Day" !

Ducksters - Westward Expansion and the Old West

Pony Express

"The Pony Express was a mail service delivering messages and mail from St. Joseph, Missouri across the Great Plains, over the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada to Sacramento, California by horseback, using a series of relay stations."Colonial America

The Pony Express National Historic Trail

"The Oregon Trail"

"The Oregon Trail is a 2,000-mile (3,200 km) historic east-west large wheeled wagon route and emigrant trail that connected the Missouri River to valleys in Oregon."

"Just for Kids - Trail Kids"

"What was life like for pioneer children on the Oregon Trail? Many children made the five month trek west with their families. It's estimated that 40,000 of the emigrants were children, one of every five (except during the Gold Rush years, when the trails were crowded with single men)."

"The Oregon Trail National Park Service Site'

"America 101"

Historic Sites, Fantastic Facts and More! 


From the National Oregon Trail Center

"The Plains Indians and Pioneers Museum"

"Pioneers" from "Kids Konnect"

"Kids Discover - Pioneers"

"Ducksters - Native Americans for Kids"

A new addition to our information on the colonies, submitted by a class from Vermont! Good job kids! 

Colonial Dentistry!

"For many people, going to the dentist is a bit nerve-wracking. Compared to a few centuries ago though, it’s a breeze! When people from Europe first moved to North America, their medical practices were quite crude. They had all sorts of theories about medicine and dentistry, most of which were based on myths, superstition, or theories that were not true. In this article, we’ll explore dental health and care in the Colonial era, and we’ll even visit one very famous dental patient: George Washington!"

Colonial Williamsburg Trades

Ancient crafts are practiced with 18th-century methods in The Revolutionary City.

13 Colonial Trades and Artisans

Tradesmen in Colonial America

Colonial Occupations

Colonial American Economy from

Colonial Times

Important Facts about Colonial Life

Tradesmen in Colonial America (created by high school students)

Colonial Tradesmen

Surfing the Net with Kids!

Thirteen Colonies

Social Studies for Kids

The 13 American Colonies

Facts About the 13 Colonies

"History of the first 13 Colonies and how they became the United States
The colonization of America and the fascinating events that led colonists and patriots down the Road to Revolution"

The Original 13 Colonies

A variety of games to help you learn about the colonies

13 Colonies Map Game

Match the colony to a dot on the map!

Pinterest - A Pinboard of The 13 American Colonies

13 Colonies - Free Games and Activities!

Festival de los Océanos - Bahia Ballena

Festival de los Océanos es un celebration del media ambiente y los oceanos en Bahia Ballena, Costa Rica. 5, 8, 9 de junio del 2013

National Geographic for Kids

"The Ocean"


Geography For Kids , The Study of Our Earth

"Ocean's Divided"

Kids World Travel Guide

In our Ocean Facts for Kids you will learn about the oceans of the world. Geography

"Learn Information about the World's Five Oceans"

"Welcome to Oceans for Youth"

Maps of the World - Worlds Oceans Map

Kids Web Japan

"What kind of language is Japanese? In this section you can take Japanese lessons and try speaking the language. You can also learn the characters used to write Japanese."

Kids Web Japan

Japanese geography, history, language, education, sports, government, regions . .

Juan Santamaria

Wikipedia article: Juan Santamaría (August 29, 1831 - April 11, 1856), is officially recognized as the national hero of the Republic of Costa Rica. A national holiday in Costa Rica, Juan Santamaría Day, is held every April 11 to commemorate his death.

Juan Santamaria

Juan Santamaria - National Hero

Biographical info from "Info Costa Rica".

Juan Santamaria - National Hero

Article helps us understand what we know, "what we know for sure, what we think we know and what we pretty much don't know" about this national hero.

The Second Battle of Rivas

"Juan Santamaría, (the only Costa Rican to have a national holiday declared in his honor), gained his martyrdom, and Pancha Carrasco became Costa Rica's first woman soldier. Santamaría, adrummer boy from the town of Alajuela, had volunteered for his country's impromptu militia; his moment of glory came when the commanding officer asked for a volunteer to set fire to El Mesón de Guerra — the filibusters' stronghold. Santamaría, torch in hand, fulfilled his patriotic duty. He approached the hostel and tossed his torch onto the thatched roof. This caused the enemy to flee, even though Santamaria was cut down by sniper fire in the process."

Native Americans

A good, introductory video from National Geographic - 3 minutes long

Also visit the Native American Gallery on the same site:

Native Americans

Their culture, their tribes, their people.

Timelines and a lot of other valuable information.

Native Americans from Kids Connect.

Fast facts and many other resources, including famous tribal chiefs.

Videos from "WatchKnowLearn.og".  Some are interviews with historical famous Native Americans

Native American Cultures from The History Channel.  Videos, photos, facts.

The History Place Presents Abraham Lincoln

Very easy to understand timeline of Abraham Lincoln's life.

The Time of the Lincolns

PBS website that will help you get a feel for life in the 19th century.  The Civil War, slavery, life of women, political parties and more.  Site contains video clips and historic photos.

Rediscovering George Washington

A PBS site dedicated to our first president.  Covers his life as a General as well as his Presidency.  Very comprehensive.

Mount Vernon

Visit the website of George Washington's home and learn more about Washington's life as a farmer and the innovative practices he introduced to the field of agriculture.

Who was Major Taylor?

Back at the turn of the century  he was the greatest professional bicyclist alive and the world's highest paid athlete.  Visit the website of the Major Taylor Association to learn more about this incredible man.

The Black Inventor Online Museum

Very cool site, you can bring up a list of inventors in the chronological order of their invention or you can view the list by name, in alphabetical order.

Costa Rica!

A great pdf map of Costa Rica with mileage points.


Many of you are familiar with "The History Channel" or "" in the United States.   Here is the Costa Rican version!

Greatest Places

Take a visit to some of the "greatest places" in the world! You'll find videos, pictures, postcards and more.  You can even recommend your own greatest places. 

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

GREAT site from the Seattle Times.   You'll find:

    · M.L.K. Timeline
    · In His Voice
    · Photo Gallery
    · Civil Rights Timeline
    · The Legacy
    · Roadways Across America
    · The Holiday
    · Interactive Classroom

Great place for your students to launch their study of Dr. King's life and legacy. 


BlackFacts Online is a great database of facts relating to Black History.It also has a couple of neat features. It has a "What happened on this day in Black History"? section and you can also subscribe to have a "Black Fact" emailed to you each day. Extend Black History Month throughout the entire year.

Stamp On Black History

From the website: "Throughout the years, the United States Postal Service has tried to preserve America's rich history and culture through its commemorative stamp program. The Postal Service has issued Black History-related stamps to commemorate black men and women who have contributed to America's history and who have made a difference." 

Aboard the Underground Railroad

From the website:  "The Underground Railroad refers to the effort--sometimes spontaneous, sometimes highly organized--to assist persons held in bondage in North America to escape from slavery. Historic places along the Underground Railroad are testament of African American capabilities. The network provided an opportunity for sympathetic white Americans to play a role in resisting slavery, and brought together, however uneasily at times, men and women of both races to begin to set aside assumptions about the other race and to work together on issues of mutual concern. At the most dramatic level, the Underground Railroad provided stories of guided escapes from the South, rescues of arrested fugitives in the North, complex communication systems, and individual acts of bravery and suffering in the quest for freedom for all." 

The Internet African American History Challenge

From their website: "The Internet African American History Challenge© is an interactive quiz that helps you sharpen your knowledge of African American History. It's an "open book" test. So if you're not sure of an answer, you can check our reference material for help. Level I is the easiest and has 7 questions while levels II & III have 10 questions each and are a bit more challenging.",1156,1-4818,00.html

Celebrating Black History  

The Learning Network begins by teaching your students how to make a Family History.  There are genealogy links and other related resources.   The site also contains Black History Month quizzes in several categories and even contains a special parents section.  Worth a visit. 

National Geographic Kids 

You'll find different people, animals and places featured each month with facts, games, activities, web resources and more!

National Geographic Kids in Costa Rica!